What is a Smart City, precisely, and why is it getting so much traction?
Academics and practitioners have yet to reach an agreement on a consistent and unambiguous definition of the smart city. In a word, a smart city is an area in which cutting-edge networks and offerings are made flexible, efficient, and sustainable through using information, digital, and telecommunication technology to enhance operations for the benefit of its citizens. To put it another way, in a smart city, digital technology translates into improved public services for residents and better resource management while having a lower environmental impact.
A smart city collects data via the use of various electrical systems and sensors. The data is utilized to generate insights into how to efficiently manage assets, resources, and services, and the data is then used to improve the city’s operations.
Smart cities are thriving and flourishing all over the world. Professor Arturo Bris, Director of the IMD World Competitiveness Center, observed, “Economic realities cannot be ignored: cities in poorer nations confront disadvantages, which will require particular initiatives to remedy along the route to smartness.”
HOW TO KNOW A SMART CITY
Smart cities strive to create a competitive environment in the sector through information and communication technologies (ICT) and planning to expand urban sectors, consequently promoting the development of new enterprises and improving the city’s socio-economic performance.
3. Cities That Are Both Inclusive And Sustainable
The major strategic feature of a smart city will be sustainability, which will be used to identify participation drivers, establish improved consumption habits and energy management, and employ renewable energies to preserve natural resources and protect the environment.
BENEFITS OF SMART CITIES
1. Improved Traffic Flow
Traffic is one of the major annoyances for many city inhabitants, but smart city technology has some alternatives. For example, public transit routes can change in real-time to match demand, and intelligent traffic lights can help minimize traffic congestion and improve flow. Smart technology can also alert residents to take public transportation during off-peak hours. Riders of public transit in several locations can follow their bus or train destinations and, if necessary, change routes.
2. Cities That Are Safer
Smart city technology such as Wi-Fi, IoT, and surveillance cameras can increase citizen safety and minimize incident response times. Body cameras, networked crime centres, and license plate recognition can provide law enforcement with detailed and timely information. New surveillance camera technology such as face recognition, fire and smoke alarm capabilities, and even the locking and unlocking of doors, all help to lessen the risk of crime. These technologies work together to make communities safer.
Roads, bridges, and buildings are all infrastructure components that require significant maintenance and repair as they age. Predictive analytics, for example, can identify areas that need to be corrected before a breakdown occurs using smart city technologies. In buildings and bridges, smart sensors detect structural changes, tilts, and cracks. After that, the sensors send out data indicating the need for inspections or maintenance.
Effective big data applications and methods can help a city identify and staff police in high-risk areas, estimate and plan for a citywide population increase, and discover patterns in citizen interests, concerns, and behaviours.
Smart city technology is evolving in tandem with the expansion and growth of metropolitan areas, boosting sustainability and better serving humanity. We can align increasing smart city needs for a far better experience for all ecosystem partners by leveraging pervasive connectivity, open data, end-to-end security, and software monetization solutions.