Overuse, high traffic congestion and road deterioration have plagued our surface transportation system in recent years. Current transportation research focuses on discovering unique and novel solutions to the aforementioned difficulties, rather than pursuing the traditional infrastructure expansion approach. A variety of new transportation technologies are now being explored as potential solutions, including autonomous motor vehicles for human transportation, as well as unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and “drone” technologies for surveillance and package delivery.
To meet transportation demands, people have well-explored ground, waterborne, and high-altitude spaces (has), as well as underground space under cities (namely). However, as the costs of population and urbanization have expanded in recent decades, tremendous constraints on public transit and freight traffic have been introduced to cities, afflicting governors and limiting economic progress. Since near-ground space (NGS) has been underutilized, researchers and practitioners have begun to re-examine, propose, and create flying cars, which are not a completely new concept, to alleviate traffic congestion and reclaiming space.
A flying automobile is a form of personal air vehicle or roadable aircraft that enables both road and air transportation. Hovercars are also referred to as “flying cars” on occasion.
Since the early twentieth century, many prototypes have been created employing a variety of flight technology. Although VTOL projects are on the rise, the majority of them have taken off and landed on a runway. None has yet been constructed in more than a few numbers. The first automobile was constructed in the 1880s, while the Wright brothers in North Carolina invented the first viable airplane two decades later. Today, a Japanese tech company announced that it has accomplished a manned test flight of a “flying vehicle,” bringing the world closer to integrating those two concepts.
The notion of a flying car is a promising one for alleviating traffic congestion in various places of the world. While flying cars have several advantages, such as lower construction and maintenance costs, reduced reliance on road infrastructures, increased travel time reliability, and reduced congestion, potential challenges with this technology can make it undesirable if adequate planning and technological implementations to ensure people’s safety on land and in the air are not made.
Flying automobiles will need to progress from being technologically feasible to commercially viable to socially acceptable before becoming widely accepted. Given the public’s inevitable animosity against low-flying metal cans, it’s unclear whether they’ll ever make it to their eventual destination.
“The benefits of a Flying Car network are numerous, as it successfully combines the best features of both planes and automobiles. When compared to two-dimensional ground-based roadways, a Flying Car is far more nimble and less prone to traffic congestion when navigating three-dimensional airspace (Soffar, 2018).”
Regardless of the enhanced transportation capabilities that this technology is anticipated to provide, public perception will play a major role in the widespread acceptance of flying automobiles.
“Flying cars may be commercially available by 2025, according to recent technological advancements (Becker, 2017; Bogaisky, 2018).“
ADVANTAGES OF FLYING CARS
1. Minimizing traffic pollution: Traffic congestion produced by road vehicles is one of the most serious issues in most modern cities. Roads designed a long time ago simply cannot handle the massive number of automobiles, lorries, and other vehicles that fight for space today. Even while stationary, the bulk of these land-based vehicles consumes fossil fuels, emitting a variety of hazardous chemicals in the process. This includes substances that are directly detrimental to human health, such as carbon monoxide, a poisonous gas, other hydrocarbons like benzene, which has been linked to cancer, and sulfur dioxide, which causes respiratory difficulties. Because these compounds are emitted at all times, switching to electric vehicles that don’t produce them, whether they’re land-based electric vehicles or VTOL planes, has the potential to have a positive influence.
2. They can make the same journey by travelling shorter distances: Flying automobiles can get from point A to point B considerably more quickly. As a consequence, less fuel is used, and journey times are drastically decreased when compared to land transport. Land journeys frequently include numerous twists and turns, traffic signals, and junctions, all of which diminish route efficiency and increase fuel consumption.
3. Allows pedestrians and cyclists to use city streets: If the producers of these electric flying cars can make them functional in our cities, in the future, it will allow pedestrians and cyclists to use city streets. These are the clean and convenient modes of transportation that the majority of people in our cities desire. However, because they are now competing for space with automobiles, it is becoming a risky and unpleasant experience. Roads may be transformed into wide bike lanes or large pedestrian boulevards with more space, making cities more appealing and healthier places to live and work.
3. On-the-ground infrastructure isn’t required as much: Most cities are still structured and constructed around automobiles and other ground-based vehicles today. More highways are built as they stretch outwards into the country. The highways that connect cities, on the other hand, maybe some of the most dangerous. Large roads and bypasses are constructed to allow vehicles to move from one location to another. As the number of cars on the road increases, these roadways are being expanded, with additional lanes added each year. These highways have a severe environmental impact since they travel through farmland and forested regions, destroying critical wildlife habitats.
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